Sections 40 to 42 of the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006 create a duty to conserve biodiversity. Section 40 places a duty on public authorities in England to conserve biodiversity. Section 41 requires the Secretary of State to publish and maintain lists of species and habitats of ‘principal importance’ for the purposes of conserving biodiversity in England. Section 42 required the Welsh government to publish equivalent lists but has since been superseded by the Environment (Wales) Act 2016.
The NERC Act 2006 Committee was appointed on 29 June 2017 to consider and report on the Act. It will report back to government by 31 March 2018.